Subscribe to RSS feed

WIKINDX Resources

Kebede, S., Afework, M., Debella, A., Ergete, W., & Makonnen, E. (2016). Toxicological study of the butanol fractionated root extract of asparagus africanus lam., on some blood parameter and histopathology of liver and kidney in mice. BMC Research Notes, 9(1), 49. 
Resource type: Journal Article
DOI: 10.1186/s13104-016-1861-5
ID no. (ISBN etc.): 17560500
BibTeX citation key: Kebede2016
View all bibliographic details
Categories: General
Keywords: Asparagus africanus, Blood parameters, Butanol fraction, Histopathology
Creators: Afework, Debella, Ergete, Kebede, Makonnen
Collection: BMC Research Notes
Attachments   URLs   http://www.biomedc ... com/1756-0500/9/49
Background: The butanol fractionated root extract of Asparagus africanus Lam., a traditional herb widely used to treat various ailments were analyzed for the presence of potential toxicity after single (acute) and repeated (subchronic) dose oral administration in adult swiss albino mice using gavages. Methods: For the acute study, butanol fractionated extract of the plant was administered in single doses of 1000, 3000 and 5000 mg/kg body weight. In the sub-chronic dose study, the extract was administered at doses of 300 and 600 mg/kg body weight/day for 42 days. Selected hematological and biochemical parameters of the blood followed by histopathological analysis were investigated after 42 days of daily administrations. The results were expressed as M ± SE, and differences at P <0.05 was considered significant. One way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and least significant difference tests were employed to check the significant differences between the various parameters of the experimental groups. Results: In the acute study, the extract did not caused dose-dependent general behavioral adverse effects, body weight change and mortality. The single dose toxicity studies therefore showed that the butanol fraction of the extract has high safety profile when given orally. After 42 days of daily dosing, in the sub-chronic study, no clinically significant changes were observed for hematological and biochemical parameters. Except an occasional small number of focal mononuclear lymphocytic cells infiltrations around the central and portal triad of the liver of a few mice, the histopathological parameters do not show significant change. Conclusion: It is concluded that, the butanol fractionated extract from A. africanus at the given dose does not show significant toxicity. The presence of focal inflammation on the liver of a few mice may be associated to the presence of flavonoid glycoside in the butanol fractionated extract.